Do you plan to camp in the wintertime and cold temperatures? If so, consider packing a safe tent heater for camping.
Not only this is an important accessory to use when being outdoors, but it’s also an important necessity to survive the night.
Camping should be comfortable no matter where you stay or what kind of outdoor experience did you decide to have.
If you don’t want to use natural ways to warm a tent then use a heater from my list that is safe to use inside and won’t cause any fire.
If you don’t have a good one with you, it can get terribly cold, particularly during the wintertime so take a look at the ones that will make your outdoor nights comfy and warm without worrying about your health.
Best Camping Tent Heaters Of 2021
|Top||Mr Heater F274865||Check price on Amazon|
|Top||Martin Portable Infrared Gas Heater||Check price on Amazon|
|Top||KOVEA Sun Gas Heater||Check price on Amazon|
|Top||Mr. Heater F215100 MH4B Little Buddy||Check price on Amazon|
|REENUO Tent Fan with Camping Lantern||Check price on Amazon|
|Campy Gear 2 in 1 Portable Propane Heater & Stove||Check price on Amazon|
|Portable Gas Catalytic Heater, CSA CERTIFIED||Check price on Amazon|
|Texsport Portable Outdoor Propane Heater||Check price on Amazon|
|Mr. Heater MH11BFLEX Portable Propane Heater||Check price on Amazon|
|Outdoor Portable Mini Gas Heater||Check price on Amazon|
Finding a warming device for your tent is not difficult, but it can be tricky to find the right one that won’t cause a fire or any other issues when you stay inside.
So, in order to help you, here are my safe tent heaters for camping outdoors with features you may want to check out.
Mr. Heater F274865
- 4,000- to 18,000-BTU radiant heater for spaces up to 300 square feet. Approved for outdoor use;...
- When operating the heater at altitudes over 7,000 FT above sea level the heater may shut off.
- Auto shut-off if tipped over, if pilot light goes out, or if detects low oxygen levels. Fan operates...
- Low, medium and high heat level control knob for steady temperatures; connects to propane tank (not...
- THE USE OF UN-AUTHORIZED ACCESSORIES/ATTACHMENTS WITH THIS HEATER ARE EXPRESSLY PROHIBITED, MAY...
The first on my list is from Mr. Heater. It is one of the safe tent heaters for camping tents. This camping heater can offer up to 18,000 BTU per hour with the volume of warming up to 400 square feet of space for up to 220 hours on the low heat setting.
Dual heating system
The DHS or Dual Heating System offers radiant heat comfort with convection heat airflow for extreme warming effectiveness.
A multi-position heat settings control
This warming unit has multi-position heat settings control. It also has ergonomic easy to carry handle and rear wall-mounted holes, which make it very versatile and easily portable.
Mr. Heater F274865 is a product that is made of steel and is the most popular in North America. It has a low, medium, and high heat level control knob for steady temperatures.
It connects directly to two 1 lb. cylinders. With the Oxygen Depletion Sensor (ODS) and accidental tip-over safety shut-off, you can be sure that you will enjoy it. It’s not suitable for a smaller tent.
MARTIN portable gas catalytic heater
- Keep warm during your camping or ice fishing trip with this portable propane heater from Martin
- Adjustable Heat Control- It has simple controls, and you can turn it off, set it to low, medium or...
- Works with a 1 lb (16.4 oz) propane bottle sold separately and a metal dish that helps to focus heat...
- Includes stable extendable cylinder base for greater stability! This beast produces 3,100 BTUs, and...
- Safety feature- include an auto shut-off fuel valve if the flame goes out, large paddle foot base...
This Martin heater is a very compact outdoor unit with an affordable price tag, on top of the fact that it is also very easy to use as it has an electronic ignition system for an easy start.
This product uses a catalytic technology that is the most efficient in the industrial gas heating market. The reliability and versatility of this gas tent heater for camping are making this unit perfect for tent usage.
I also love the fact that it delivers up to 3000 BTU and could work up to seven hours using a single pound propane cylinder.
All in all, the Martin model is an energy saver, perfect for camping, and user-friendly. You’ll get enough warmth to keep you comfortable without the need to switch propane bottles every few hours.
It provides comfortable and flameless warmth and has foldable legs. It is a safe and energy-efficient device that will do a good job in smaller shelters.
Kovea cupid portable butane gas heater
- Gas control lever, handle, adjustable leg for angle adjustment, etc.
- Ceramic plates, which are two times bigger than conventional products, have improved heating power.
- The heat transfer plate increases the vaporization power of the gas and completely exhausts the gas.
- Stable ignition is possible by applying the pilot ignition device which is applied to the large...
- Fishing, camping and outdoor activities are suitable for use in the office and home.
A great product made in Korea, Kovea Cupid portable butane gas heater is another reliable companion for camping during the winter. It is so tiny that you can carry it in the pocket of your bag.
On the lowest setting, it will run for a solid six hours at an elevation of 5500 feet at the lowest setting. It has a safe auto shut off regulator against high gas pressure levels so you can be safe.
It has a conduction panel and is equipped with a pilot orifice for safe ignition. It is a user-friendly heater as it includes a handle, a control knob, and a tilting leg for user convenience.
The product has a bigger ceramic tile and can use complete gas consumption through the warmth.
Portability & Storage
It would easily fold up and has a decent clamshell case. You can easily fold it up and store it in a decent clamshell case. It is compact and portable.
Mr. Heater Little Buddy
- Indoor-safe portable propane heater for rooms up to 95 square feet. THIS UNIT IS NOT INTENDED FOR...
- Continuous odor-free, 45-degree heating angle. Maximum Elevation (Ft) 7000 Feet. Automatic low...
- Simple on/off buttons; uses 1-pound disposable propane cylinder (not included). Run time at minimum...
- Low-oxygen sensor and accidental tip-over switch with auto shut-off for safety.THE USE OF...
- Recommended for emergency heat, tents, campers, workshops, job sites, porches, patios, decks,...
I want to suggest Mr. Heater Little Buddy. This has got all the features of the preceding model, except this one is smaller, which means that this model is perfect for camping.
Power & usage
It uses 3800 BTU power. It is a propane model that is safe to use inside a shelter. It will work for about 5- 1/2 hours with a 45-degree heating angle.
While it outputs less BTUs (due to its size) and only warms up to 95 square feet area efficiently, it is still efficient.
If you are outdoors and in need of a lightweight unit for the winter season, this is definitely one of the safest tent heaters you will find.
Little Buddy will work up to 7000 feet of elevation. It uses a 1-pound disposable propane cylinder and is odor-free.
A low-oxygen sensor and accidental tip-over switch with auto shut-off for safety will make your outdoor staying worry-free. It is appropriate for warming smaller units.
REENUO Tent Fan with a camping Lantern
- BEST CAMPING COMPANION --- This tent fan with a camping lantern not only makes you feel a good...
- GOOD BATTERY LIFE --- Built-in rechargeable 5000mAh battery, can enough to support your camping...
- 3 WIND-SPEEDS & 3 BRIGHTNESS SETTINGS --- 3 wind-speeds settings: 3m/s, 2.2m/s, 1.5m/s. You can...
- VERSATILE PLACEMENT --- This USB fan with a hook fits great above a weekend hammock/camping trip or...
- SMALL & DURABLE --- The dimension of the battery operated fan is about 2.5*5.5*7.2inches. You can...
Here you have a battery-powered tent heater for camping that is made to use inside an outdoor tent.
It has dimensions of 2.5 x 5.5 x 7.2 inches and is made of high-quality ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) material. The fan heater weighs 14.4 ounces.
The Reenuo heater comes with a rechargeable 5000mAh battery that is built-in. It can last for 4.4- 34 hours, the duration depends on the blowing speed.
I like the invertible hook that the company included so you can hang it wherever you want inside a shelter or place it on the flat area. It has 3 turbo blades that produce hot air. It isn’t too loud when working.
This battery tent heater for camping is designed with vertical and horizontal 360 degree rotation so you can manually set it to work as you like.
The most valuable feature that it has is the light option. It can work as a camping lantern to light the place up.
This fan model provides 3 brightness levels to use. You can turn it on low light (lasts 550 hours), soft light (49 hours), and strong light (20 hours).
The product recharges through the micro USB plug. I suggest that you bring a portable power bank to charge it by USB cable.
Campy Gear 2 in 1 Portable Propane Heater & Stove
- DUAL FUNCTION CAMPING GEAR: Take the load off on your next outdoor adventure and use our portable...
- FAST HEATING: With a max output up to 9,000 BTU and a unique 360° radiant heating design, our...
- PRECISE COOKING: The heater & stove is equipped with adjustable flame control to satisfy various...
- CLEAN-BURNING: The Campy Gear 2-in-1 Heater & Stove is compatible with 110g & 230g butane /...
- SATISFACTION GUARANTEED: Campy Gear offers you a 2-in-1 heater/stove that keeps you fueled and warm...
If you want to have the ultimate outdoor camping solution then you must look at the Campy Gear propane heater & stove.
It is portable as it has 8.27 x 7.28 inches. When disabled, the package measures 5.12 (height) x 7.28 (width). The product weighs 2.64 pounds.
Campy Gear 2-in-1 heater & stove provides warmth on your cold outdoor nights and enables you to cook at the same time. Surprised?
The company made this safe tent heater for camping with a stove that is considered as dual-function camping gear to save some space and take off some load of the outdoor equipment.
The removable dual function handle design enables you to adjust the vent for easy mode changes and to carry it easily.
This tent warming device has a maximum output of up to 9000 BTU of power and features a unique 360° radiant heating design.
It is compatible with 110g & 230g butane/isobutane/propane fuel canisters that can be nested inside the stove or a 1 lb propane cylinder for longer usage.
If you set the base you can cook a warm meal for you and your loved ones.
The stove includes adjustable flame control to satisfy various cooking purposes and a sturdy stand with an anti-slip grip that supports up to 12 inches pans and pots.
The stainless steel heating hood of this propane unit has 22 railings. If you have 230 g of fuel you can cook for about 1.5 hours at maximum power.
You will also be able to boil 0.5 l of water in 2 minutes and 15 seconds under the “cook only” mode and 4 minutes and 30 seconds under “cook & heat” mode.
Want a bigger model?
If you want a bigger model you can order the CG-3000B that has the maximum output of 13,000 BTU of power.
Bismar Martin Gas Catalytic Heater
- Flameless: the martin catalytic heater provides comfortable and flameless warmth so you can stay...
- Advanced catalytic technology: the catalytic technology used in this heating tool is the most...
- 7 hours on 1 lb propane cylinder: delivers up provides 3000 btu and this safe portable heater can...
- Efficient: catalytic heating is 99;98% efficient (flame type heaters waste up to 45% of all heat...
- Safe heating tool: Please be sure to read the instructions manuals before use the product
This is a catalytic heater from Martin that people love to use on their outdoor excursions. The dimensions of the model are 11 x 11.2 x 15.4 inches and it weighs 4.8 pounds.
The unit has foldable legs so you can put them away when not needed. It provides comfortable and flameless warmth so you don’t have to worry about burning the shelter down.
Advanced catalytic technology
This Martin propane heater features the catalytic technology that is the most efficient in the industrial gas heating market.
It is a versatile and reliable tent warming device to use. Catalytic heating is 99;98% efficient while flame-type models waste up to 45% of all produced warmth.
The safe gas tent heater for camping can work on a 1 lb propane cylinder. If you will bring one you will be able to warm the place for about 7 hours on 3000 BTU of power.
The apparatus has an electronic ignition system that enables fast and simple ignition.
In case that flames go out of the device, the unit shuts down due to the safety fuel shutoff function. So, this heating body is safe to use inside a tent.
The Martin CH 3 model enables you to turn the heating knob on low or high mode.
Texsport propane heater
This is a portable propane heater from Texsport. It is a lightweight product as it weighs only 2 pounds. Let’s take a look at its most important features.
The model is made of stainless steel while the reflector with the safety grid is made of aluminum.
The paddle foot base is made of durable plastic and takes care of stability. It has a carry handle so you will be able to move the unit.
The Texsport 14215 is a single-burner portable outdoor model that can warm the place by providing 2,890 BTUs. It is appropriate to use in a smaller shelter. You can adjust the temperature by turning the control knob.
If you are afraid of the flames going out of the device you can be calm as this heating product has an auto shut-off valve if this happens.
The Texsport model holds 16.4 ounces or 14.1-ounce disposable propane fuel cylinder to provide warmth. It is estimated that you will warm the place with the 1 lb. fuel cylinder for 4-6 hours.
Mr. Heater Buddy Flex Heater
- 11,000 BTU omni-directional radiant heat
- High wind resistance technology
- Variable output control for efficient fuel consumption (8,000-11,000 BTU)
- Patented overheat safety shut down technology
- Integrated heater and accessory controls
Here you have a product that is made from a reputable brand that makes heating outdoor devices.
Mr. Heater MH11BFLEX is a gas-powered heater for warming bigger tents. If you intend to camp with other people in the same shelter consider this item.
Here are the most obvious features that you need to know about this powerful tent heater. Its dimensions are 14.17 x 10.24 x 14.96 inches while it weighs 13.7 pounds.
Tent warming is enabled with the 11,000 BTU Omni-directional burner that runs at 180 degrees.
With such power, you will be able to heat a larger shelter, so this model is for you who will be camping with a big shelter as a family cabin tent or a tipi tent. It is able to warm up a 275 square feet place.
The temperature control know enables you to regulate the warmth inside so you can set the device to run from 6,000 to 11,000 BTUs.
Integrated gas-powered accessory control and a quick-connect rail system will take care of the safety. The Buddy Flex has a tip-over feature which means that the unit will shut down when it tips over.
It also has a low-oxygen sensor so when the oxygen levels will get low the device will remind you to get some fresh air in.
What I like about it the most is the design. It is made so that three people can get around it to warm themselves. The heat won’t be lost at the top.
It is easy to use the model as it has a swiveling handle to move it or when you want to store it. With the swiveling regulator you will be able to twist in the propane tank without a hassle.
The company included a screen over ignition so the wind won’t affect its operation. It can get off in the strong wind but this is understandable. It has an ignition system but you can also ignite it with a match or long lighter.
It runs 3 and a half hours on a low setting. However, if you set it on 11,000 BTUs you will warm the interior just for 2 hours.
Get a Buddy FLEX Cooker too!
If you want to have a cooker from the same company that is compatible with the Buddy Flex heater then you can purchase the Buddy Flex cooker.
If you decide to have it you will also get a 10-feet Buddy Series propane hose so you will be able to connect the cooking device to the heating item.
The cooker has 5,000-8,000 Infini-variable controls and an all-new fiber mesh burner for easy cooking.
It has an ignition button that you just press and hold to light. With the easy-to-operate control knob, you will adjust the cooking temperature as you want.
Zerone gas heater
- Protective Net --- For your safety, this Outdoor Heater is equipped with a protective net, the net...
- Rapid Heating --- The fire control valve can be adjusted freely according to need, with the...
- Keep Balance Design --- The heater is designed with a base, it can effectively maintain the balance...
- Portable & Lightweight --- The heater is made of ultra-thin and ligtweight Iron, with foldable base,...
- GUARANTEE --- If you are not satisfied with our product you received, you can send emails to us at...
The Zerone gas heater is a simple-design warming device that you can use outdoors. It measures 5.91 x 5.91 x 5.51 inches and weighs 0.9 pounds.
The model has a foldable base that is appropriate to place on whatever terrain you want. It has a fire control valve you will be able to adjust the temperature.
You can use a 1 lb propane tank to work or you can buy an adapter hose and attach it to any tank (to warm yourself for a longer time).
This simple outdoor unit is made of a solid stainless steel that should last for years of use.
The Zerone mini gas heater is equipped with a protective net that effectively prevents accidental burns, so it is safe to use.
How cold is too cold to sleep in a tent?
The most comfortable temperatures for camping are between 50°F to 70°F. However, if you will be camping at temperatures lower than 50°F you have to have the right equipment with you.
I suggest that you think of a cold temperature sleeping bag, warm winter clothes, and a heater of course that will keep you comfortable through the night.
Are tent heaters worth it?
A tent heater is a great solution when you are going outdoors and you need to warm yourself fast inside a tent. Today, companies are making safe ones that you can use in a shelter to keep you warm and prevent hypothermia.
You can choose among models of different power, fuel, and features so you won’t have a difficult time choosing your favorite model. What is better than just setting your device on and enjoying the comfort?
One of the most obvious advantages of these warming devices is portability. Many of them are small and portable so they won’t take too much of your space while heading to your campsite.
How do you keep a tent warm in the winter?
The best thing to do is to get a portable warming appliance that is safe to use inside and to insulate the shelter so the warmth won’t go out. If you want to know more about tent insulation you can check this article from Venchas.
Is there a safe way to heat a tent?
If you choose to heat it with the outdoor tent heater then I suggest you choose one from the list so you will be camping safely.
These products are made to warm it so if you follow the instructions you don’t have to worry about catching fire or suffocate due to carbon monoxide.
What heaters are safe for tents?
Do you worry about suffocation or catching fire if you intend to use a heating device in your tent?
I suggest that you look for a model that is labeled for indoor use, even better, for tent usage. You can also consider buying one that will have a low oxygen sensor that will remind you that you need to ventilate the shelter.
What type of heater can you use in a tent?
When you are looking for an outdoor heater you can choose among different fuel types. You can choose between gas, electric, and halogen models.
Gas ones are convenient to use but you should be careful about the oxygen levels inside. Electric tent heaters for camping are also convenient but you need to have an electricity source nearby to plug the device on.
Halogen heaters have a disadvantage as they provide a high fire risks. Use them in the center of the shelter.
How to choose the right size heater?
If you are trying to save money by buying a tent heater that’s too small for what you need, it can make you waste more money. So, depending on the size of a shelter you’re going to use, find the right size of it.
Similarly, using a unit that is too big isn’t a great idea. You don’t want to sleep in a sauna all night long during camping, right?
Here are some additional tips to choose the right-sized tent heater so you won’t have issues to decide.
What is the best heater to use in a tent?
For warming the outdoor tent I suggest that you get a Little Buddy from Mr. Heater that has a 3600 BTU of power. It can warm up a place up to 95 square feet.
The device can work up to 7000 feet of elevation and has the accidental tip-over switch with auto shut-off for safety. It is a lightweight heat apparatus that is appropriate to use for smaller shelters.
For bigger tents
If you will be enjoying the great outdoors in a bigger shelter I suggest that you use a device that has more BTU of power, for example, a Mr. Heater F274865.
What is the best fan heater for camping?
If you are looking for a fan tent heater then I suggest that you take a look at the Reenuo model with a camping lantern.
This is a portable fan model that has a hook so you will be able to hang it in the center of the shelter or wherever you want.
It has a built-in rechargeable 5000mAh battery. If it is fully charged it can warm the place for 4.4- 34 hours. (depending on the wind speed). The unit needs about 3-4 hours to be fully charged.
I recommend that you bring a portable power bank that can charge this small fan by USB cable. The device offers 3 wind speeds, a mosquito repellent function and a camping lantern to illuminate the interior.
Tent heater installation
In many cases, people buy the right type of heater for their shelter but they end up installing it incorrectly.
Because of this, they get the impression that it doesn’t perform well. They consider returning it or throwing it away and buying a new one.
Before rushing on a decision, it would be a better idea if you read the instructions thoroughly to know how to install it properly. You can also watch an installation video or consult with an expert.
Is it safe to use a propane heater in a tent?
Propane tent heaters for camping need oxygen to work. In return, they will produce carbon monoxide which can be deadly, especially in a closed space like a tent.
Some of them have a safety shut off feature that will warn you when the oxygen levels are low in the space.
If your model is bigger then I recommend using Mr. Heater F274865 otherwise Little Buddy.
Can propane heaters kill you?
Carbon monoxide is dangerous if you are exposed to it for a longer time. It can cause heart issues and brain damage if you are exposed to it for a longer time without sufficient levels of oxygen.
However, this is more accurate in closed places such as garages and indoor rooms. Tents let some air in, especially if you have vents open so you don’t have to be under stress if you use a propane heating device.
When looking for a safe propane heater that you can put inside a shelter, consider models that have a low oxygen sensor that will remind you of the low oxygen levels.
This way you will take action and let some fresh air in which will make your interior safe to be in.
How long can you run a propane heater?
I don’t recommend running it for more than a few hours, especially not for a whole night.
When you get yours, check the instructions and precautions to know how to use the appliance safely. However, you can use it for a longer time if you have constant ventilation.
Pro tip: If the heater has a timer you can set it to work on intervals. This way you will stay warm and safe.
How do you keep a tent warm at night?
If you will get a gas tent heater then I recommend that you use one that has a timer. Set a timer on a few hours so it will shut down for a bit.
I strongly suggest that you have at least one vent open so you will have enough oxygen inside. You can also use an electrical model but you will need an electricity source to plug it in.
Can I leave my propane heater on all night?
I don’t recommend it but you still can if your model has a low oxygen sensor or you have bought a carbon monoxide detector. Also, make sure that you left some vents open for the crisscross ventilation.
However, I am sure that you want to sleep the whole knight without beeping so it is best that you take a sleeping bag and other sleeping gear with you to stay warm without running the device at night.
Can you use a butane heater in a tent?
You can use it for the purposes of warming the unit out but you have to be careful about the carbon monoxide levels.
No matter that it burns more cleanly and releases less harmful gas than a propane heater, you should use your butane heater in a well-ventilated tent.
Are ventless propane heaters safe?
It is better if you have a vent propane heater that will provide oxygen inside the tent but you can also get a ventless one.
If you decide to opt for a no-vent one then I suggest that you take care of proper ventilation to avoid any issues with the carbon monoxide.
You can also consider getting a model with a low oxygen sensor or a carbon monoxide detector that will warn you when the levels of this flammable gas are high.
How do you heat a tent with fire?
If you want to warm your shelter naturally you can use my tips to heat a tent primitively.
Will a Buddy Heater keep a tent warm?
Mr. Heater makes heaters of different sizes and BTU power so you should know which one is the right size for your tent area. Choose a unit that will be powerful enough to warm your entire shelter but don’t use a big one in a small space.
Are Mr. Heaters safe to use in a tent?
Not just that they are safe to use inside, they are made especially to warm it safely. Mr. Heaters is an American company that is leading in tent heating. You can use bigger models or smaller models to heat your shelter.
They manufacture warming devices that have an automatic Oxygen Depletion Sensor (ODS) to remind you that the oxygen levels are low and that you must ventilate the space.
The products also have accidental tip-over safety shut-off so you can use their products safely year after year.
Is Mr. Buddy heater safe to use in a tent?
Heaters from Mr. Heater that are known as the Mr. Buddy series are safe to use inside if they are labeled as indoor items.
Their products are best-selling and the most popular heaters in America that have low oxygen sensor to protect you from suffocation and death.
Do Mr. Buddy heaters produce carbon monoxide?
Mr. Buddy heaters that run on propane will produce carbon monoxide since propane needs oxygen to function. However, the company thought of that and build sensors that will remind you of low oxygen levels in the tent.
If you want to be safe look for this feature. For additional protection, you can get a carbon monoxide detector that you can use while camping with units that run on propane.
How long will a Little Buddy heater run on a 1lb tank?
If you will set it up to 8,000 BTU then it will provide warmth for about 2.5 hours. If you will run it on 4,500 BTU then it should last for 4.5 hours.
How long will a 20lb propane tank last on a Buddy heater?
If you set it up to 8,000 BTU it should last for 54 hours while it will provide warmth for 96 hours if you set it up to 4,500 BTU.
Do you need ventilation when using a propane heater?
Yes, you need proper ventilation of the tent while using a propane heater since it is using oxygen to work.
What is important to stress here is that camping shelters have different ventilation options like windows, vents, and mesh to provide fresh air.
While this is taken care of, I recommend that you open a window or a door to get oxygen inside when a device will warn you about low oxygen levels.
In case of a rain you can open a roof vent or a window that is covered.
Can you get carbon monoxide poisoning from a propane heater?
If you worry about carbon monoxide poisoning during camping I should calm you as there is very little chance that you will get it as today’s warming devices are made with safety features that will provide a safe and comfortable outdoor experience.
If you will use one as recommended and take care of proper ventilation you shouldn’t worry about it.
Do they make portable heaters that run on batteries?
The Reenuo heater has a built-in rechargeable 5000mAh battery that can be recharged with the micro USB plug.
The battery lasts for about 4.4- 34 hours, depending on the blowing speed. It also provides light so it is a great 2-in-1 outdoor product.
Which tent heater will you choose?
Choosing a safe tent heater for camping could be quite tricky. You have to put safety as your first priority.
The safest choice is a product that provides you with good ventilation in order to keep you safe from carbon monoxide fumes.
When you are buying one consider the size of your tent, installation, safety and all the features that an item has. Your safety is crucial so don’t compromise with the quality.
Choose a model that will satisfy your outdoor needs and provide you comfort and safety as well.